Henry A. A. Ugboma got appointed as the Chief Medical Director of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital in 2017, and got re-appointed in 2021. Before this appointment, Henry A. A. Ugboma has served in other executive capacities like Head of Department of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (2016–2017), Collation/Returning Office, National Elections (2003), Member, Transition Committee, Rivers State post-election (2015), Member of Senate the University of Port Harcourt (2013-date), Member, Steering Committee for College Lecture Series (2012), College of Health Sciences representative in the entrepreneurship board, University of Port Harcourt (2013), Presidential Committee Member, National Implementation Committee On The Integration of Out of School Children from South-South and the South-East States Into The UBE Program (2012–2015), Member of board, Consultancy Research and Development Company (CORDEC), University of Port Harcourt (2010–2012), Member, Review Committee on Introduction of Clinical Medicine (2010), Vice-Chairman, Accreditation Committee of Braithwaite Memorial Specialist Hospital – BMSH (2003), Member, Committee for Review of the College of Health Sciences Prospectus (2007), Member, Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria, River States (2002–2006), Member, Rivers State Health Management Board (2002–2006), Member/Board of Trustee, Nigerian Project (2005), Vice-Chairman, Nigerian Medical Association, Rivers State (2000–2002), Chairman, Nigerian Medical Association, Rivers State (2002–2004), President, Hospital Christian Fellowship, UPTH (1998–2000), President, Association of Resident Doctors, UPTH (1996–1998), President-General, Ndoni Ethnic Nationality Worldwide (2004–2006), Justice of Peace, Rivers State Government (2007), and a life-time Member, Association of Resident Doctors UPTH (since 2006).
In 2018, Henry A. A. Ugboma as the chief medical director (CMD) of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) helped transform the institution into a technological advanced Hospital. He helped purchased new equipment and erected new departmental units.