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Chemical Pathology

The Department of Chemical Pathology offers routine laboratory, research, and clinical services. The laboratory services involve the processing and running of samples for various Chemical Pathology investigations. Clinical services involve the care of patients with diverse metabolic conditions as outpatients.

Scope:
The scope of Chemical Pathology Investigations and services offered by the Department of Chemical Pathology are in four categories; Routine, Specialized, Emergency, and Research. These investigations include:

Routine Investigations:

  1. PLASMA GLUCOSE: Fasting, Random, OGTT, HbA1c
  2. PLASMA ELECTROLYTES: Sodium, Potassium, Bicarbonate, Chloride, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphate
  3. RENAL FUNCTION TESTS: Plasma urea & creatinine, uric acid, creatinine clearance
  4. PLASMA LIPID PROFILE: Total Cholesterol, HDL-C, Triglyceride
  5. LIVER FUNCTION TESTS:
  • Plasma Bilirubin (Total & Conjugated), Albumin &Total Protein, Serum Enzymes (ALT, AST, ALP, GGT)
  1. SERUM HORMONE ANALYSIS:
  • Thyroid Function Tests (TSH, T3, T4), Reproductive Hormones (LH, FSH, Prolactin, Progesterone, Oestrogen, Testosterone)
  • Tumour markers (PSA)
  1. CSF ANALYSIS:
  • CSF Glucose
  • CSF Protein

Specialized Investigations:

  1. Urine Toxicology Tests
  2. Serum electrophoresis
  3. Urine screening tests for Inborn Errors of Metabolism
  4. Gall stone/Renal stone analysis

Emergency (CALL) Investigations:

  1. Plasma and CSF Glucose (Fasting & Random)
  2. CSF Protein
  3. Plasma Electrolyte Panel (Sodium, Potassium, Bicarbonate, Chloride
  4. Plasma Urea
  5. Plasma Bilirubin (Total & Conjugated)

Research Investigations as required and carried out by MLS Resident Doctors.

A BRIEF HISTORY

The Department Of Chemical Pathology started as a unit of the Pathology Department when the University decided to use the General Hospital, Port Harcourt as it Teaching hospital. The movement from the temporary site at Emohua to the General Hospital was done on 31st August 1983. This single Pathology Department persisted both at the University and at the Teaching Hospital and was headed by Dr. O. Chinwa (a Morbid Anatomist) while Dr. Nsirim Nduka (a Medical Laboratory Scientist) was in charge of the Chemical Pathology Unit. Dr. Victor Wakwe became the consultant-in-charge of the unit from December 1988. Dr. Nsirim Nduka and two other Medical Laboratory Scientists, Mr. A. I. Rukari and Mr. Karibi-Botoye, who started the unit and contributed a great deal to the success story of the Department, have now retired.

An accreditation visit by the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria in 1990 led the University to split the single Pathology Department to the four departments of Chemical Pathology, Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Medical Microbiology and Morbid Anatomy. The Director of Administration of the Hospital in a memorandum dated 1st April 1992 converted the existing units of the Pathology Department to full-fledged departments. Since the establishment of the Chemical Pathology Department in 1992 it has had the following Consultant Chemical Pathologists as heads:

  1. Dr. V. C. Wakwe            —          1992 – 1995
  2. Dr. A. C. Ojule               —          1995 – 2003
  3. Dr. V. C. Wakwe            —          2003 – 2005
  4. Dr. (Mrs.) Adetoun A. Ejilemele -2005 – 2007
  5. Dr. Chituru G. Orluwene —         2007 – 2015
  6. Dr. (Mrs.) Ehimen P. Odum —    2015 – date

The Department moved from the temporary General Hospital site to the present permanent site of the Hospital in 2005 and has since progressed from offering basic routine tests to performing specialized tests such as reproductive hormones, thyroid hormones, tumour markers, cardiac markers, and bone markers, as well as other assays required for research purposes.


Staff Strength:

The Department currently consists of the following professional groups (some of which are primarily UPTH staff while others include Uniport staff and contract staff); Medical Doctors (Consultant Chemical Pathologists and Residents Doctors), Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLS), Administrative Staff, Accounts staff and Contract Staff.

The department has 3 Professors, 4 Consultants, 5 registrars, and 4 senior registrars, 21 Medical Laboratory Scientists, 9 Research Medical Laboratory Scientists, 6 Administrative staff, 5 Accounts staff, a Librarian, and 3 cleaners.

Dr. (Mrs.) E. P. Odum
Head of Department


Dept. Hotline:  +234 703 151 6287

For more details on the scope of work see UPTH Service Charter.
For Protocol of service; see UPTH Service Charter

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